Processing of coconut products, especially its derivatives, still has considerable opportunities. Currently, the coconut fruit processing industry is generally still focused on processing meat and fruit as the main product, while industries that process fruit by-products such as water, coir and coconut shells are still processed traditionally.
Based on data from e-smartschool, coir is a fairly large part of the coconut fruit, which is 35% of the total weight of the fruit. Coconut coir consists of fibers and cork that connect one fiber to another. Srata is a valuable part of coir. Each coconut contains 525 grams of fiber (75% of coir) and 175 grams of cork (25% of coir). With the production of Indonesian coconuts on average 15.5 billion grains/year or equivalent to 1.8 million tons of coir fiber and 3.3 million tons of coir dust, quite a lot of material is available. However, the availability of this material has not been used optimally to build an industry for processing coconut by-products, especially coconut fiber. It’s no wonder that we are still unable to keep up with the high demand from abroad for coconut-derived products, especially products derived from coconut coir.
This coconut coir can be developed into a variety of products, including cocopeat, cocofiber, cocomesh, cocopot, coco fiber board. And cococoir. These materials are raw materials in the mat industry, pots, dry compost. Etc. If you only focus on processing coconuts on meat and fruit, then the highest coconut price is still a low income for farmers to be able to live decently. One of the efforts to increase the income of coconut farmers is to process all components of the fruit into high value products, so that the value of coconut fruit will increase.
For example, coconut shell, if processed into shell charcoal and activated charcoal can increase the economic value of coconut. So that the economic value of coconut is no longer based on copra (fruit flesh), as in the Philippines, of its total exports (US$ 920 million) 49% of which comes from non-CCO